The relevant International Standard for testing laboratories is ISO/IEC 17025:2005, General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories.
See more: Conformity assessment bodies – Testing and calibration laboratories.
Testing laboratories covered by this standard can be owned and operated by government, or industry bodies, or be separate organisations. This International Standard for laboratory operation and management contains management system and technical requirements. The management system requirements are common to all laboratories. However there is a need to apply the technical requirements taking into account the specific field of testing being carried out...
Inspection bodies covered by the relevant International Standards for inspection bodies, ISO/IEC 17020, can be owned and operated by government, or industry bodies, or be separate organisations. The standard identifies three types of inspection body:
Type A Inspection Bodies – these bodies provide third-party services and are expected to be independent of the other parties involved;
Type B Inspection Bodies – provide first-party services to their parent body only; and
Type C Inspection Bodies – first-party inspection bodies which may also provide inspection services to other organizations.
The requirements contained in the standard apply to all types of inspection body, except for special requirements in an Annex that related to the specific type of inspection body being referred to. The g...
Certification bodies are always third-party impartial conformity assessment bodies that can certify product, process or services, management systems or persons. They can be owned and operated by government, industry bodies, or be separate organizations and have all a set of relevant international standards in place.
Product, process or service certification bodies
The relevant International Standards for product, process or service certification bodies, ISO/IEC 17065, sets out the following requirements:
- general requirements, including legal and contractual matters, management of impartiality, liability and financing, non-discriminatory conditions, confidentiality and publicly available information;
- structural requirements, including organizational structure and top management and a mecha...